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definition of the word Appendix:French_pronunciation

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IC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd"> Appendix:French pronunciation - Wiktionary

Appendix:French pronunciation

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents French pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

English approximations are in some cases very approximate, and only intended to give a general idea of the pronunciation. See French phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds.

French has no word-level stress, so stress marks should not be used in transcribing French words. See here for explanation.

  IPA   Examples Nearest English equivalent
b beau beau
d doux do
f fête festival
ɡ gain, guerre gain
ɥ huit simultaneous [j] and [w]
j fief, fille yes
k queue, cabas sky
l loup clean
m mou moo
n nous no
ɲ agneau canyon
ŋ parking parking
p passé spy
ʁ[1] roue Somewhat like red
s sœur, hausse, garçon sir
ʃ chou shoe
t tout sty
v vous view
w oui we
z zain, hase zoo
ʒ joue, geai measure
  IPA   Examples Nearest English equivalent
a patte pat
ɑ[2] pâte bra
e clé clay
ɛ faite festival
ɛː[3] fête as IPA: [ɛ], but longer
ə[4] repeser sofa or Received Pronunciation bird; often elided
i si see
œ sœur similar to Received Pronunciation bird
ø ceux similar to bird
o sot sole
ɔ sort sort
u sous zoo
y tu none
ɑ̃ sans Nasalized [ɑ]
ɛ̃ saint Nasalized [ɛ] or [æ]
œ̃[5] brun Nasalized [œ]
ɔ̃ son Nasalized [ɔ] or [ɒ]
Other symbols
IPA Explanation
. Syllable break
Liaison: latent final consonant is pronounced before a following vowel sound

  • Notes:
  1. ^ The French rhotic varies from region to region, though it is often uvular, especially in Northern France; the more common pronunciations include a voiced uvular fricative [ʁ] and a uvular trill [ʀ]
  2. ^ often replaced by [a]
  3. ^ often replaced by [ɛ]; rare among younger speakers in France
  4. ^ In French, /ə/ is pronounced with some lip rounding; for a number of speakers, it is also more front and may even be phonetically identical to the vowel of sœur.
  5. ^ often replaced by [ɛ̃]

Definition from Wiktionary
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