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definition of the word se

by the Wiktionnary

Representing the Indo-European demonstrative pronoun *soi, *so, adapted in West Germanic as a definite article by analogy with the t- stem forms (Old English þæt). Cognate with Old Saxon , Old Norse , Gothic 𐍃𐌰, Greek . See also feminine forms under sēo.

se (definite)

  1. the
    Se mona.
    The moon.

se (demonstrative)

  1. that, those.
    Þone ræd gerædde Widsið.
    Widsith gave that advice.

se m. (demonstrative pronoun)

  1. he, it, that
    Þþa ne sacað.
    They do not quarrel.”

Portuguese personal pronouns (edit)
Number Person Subject Accusative case
(direct object)
Dative case
(indirect object)
Singular First eu me mim
Second tu te ti
Third ele, ela lhe, o, a, se ele, ela, si
Plural First nós nos nós
Second vós vos vós
Third eles, elas lhes, os, as, se eles, elas, si

se (third person, including ‘você’ and ‘vocês)

  1. Reflexive and reciprocal: oneself, himself, herself, itself, themselves, yourself; each other, one another.
    Ela se viu no espelho. — “She saw herself in the mirror.”
    E você se diz um professor! — “And you call yourself a teacher!”
    Quando eles se conheceram? — “When did they meet (each other)?”
  2. Used for passive constructions with transitive verbs and undetermined agent (usually translated with one).
    Da minha casa se vê o mar. — “From my house the sea is seen.” (Literally, “...the sea sees itself.”)
  3. Hence, used for expressions of the type "to get/become ...-ed".
    espantar = "to frighten"; espantar-se = "to get frightened" (lit. "to frighten oneself")
  4. It also developed to a form of undetermined subject for intransitive verbs (usually translated with "one").
    Vive-se bem em Belém. — “One lives well in Belém.” (Literally, *“∅ lives oneself well in Belém.”)


  1. if.
    Se quiseres, eu compro. — “If you want, I’ll buy (it).”

se (reflexive pronoun)

  1. myself
  2. yourself
  3. himself
  4. herself
  5. itself
  6. ourselves
  7. yourselves
  8. themselves
  9. oneself

se (reflexive pronoun)

  1. myself
  2. yourself
  3. himself
  4. herself
  5. itself
  6. ourselves
  7. yourselves
  8. themselves
  9. oneself

se (third person, including ‘usted’ and ‘ustedes)

  1. Third person (also used for usted and ustedes) reflexive direct or indirect object; oneself, himself, herself, itself, yourself; each other; one another
  2. Used to form the passive voice in the third person (also used for usted and ustedes).
    ¿Cómo se llama? — “What is your name?” (Literally, “How are you called?”)
  3. Used to form impersonal sentences.
    Se dice que... — “It is said that...”
  4. Used instead of indirect object pronouns le and les before the direct object pronouns lo, la, los, or las.
    El samaritano se las dio. — “The Samaritan gave them to him.”

Conjugations of se
Infinitive se
Present tense ser
Past tense såg
Supine sett
Imperative se
Present participle seende
Past participle sedd


  1. see
    • 1888, Fröken Julie by August Strindberg - Tvärtom, fröken Julie, som ni ser har jag skyndat uppsöka min övergivna!
      Quite the opposite, miss Julie, as you can see I have rushed to find my abandonned one!
    • 1915, Stjärnbanér i blågult by John Wahlborg - Vad jag sett och hört och känt har helt enkelt överväldigat mig.
      What I have seen and heard and felt has quite simply overwhelmed me.


  1. son

se (indefinite article)

  1. a, an
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