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definition of the word ply

by the Wiktionnary

From Middle English, from Middle French pli (pleat, fold), from plier (bend, fold), from Latin plico (flod, fold together)

Singular
ply

Plural
plies

ply (plural plies)

  1. A layer of material. (two-ply toilet paper)

From Middle English plien (bend, fold, mold), from Middle French plier (bend, fold), see Etymololgy 1.

Infinitive
to ply

Third person singular
plies

Simple past
plied

Past participle
plied

Present participle
plying

to ply (third-person singular simple present plies, present participle plying, simple past and past participle plied)

  1. (transitive) to bend; to fold.
  2. (intransitive) to flex.

From Middle English plien, short for applien (apply)

Infinitive
to ply

Third person singular
plies

Simple past
plied

Past participle
plied

Present participle
plying

to ply (third-person singular simple present plies, present participle plying, simple past and past participle plied)

  1. (transitive) To work at diligently.
    He plied his trade as carpenter for forty-three years.
  2. (transitive) To use vigorously.
    He plied his ax with bloody results.
  3. (transitive) To travel over regularly.
    ply the seven seas
  4. (transitive) To persist in offering.
    She plied him with liquor.

Back-formation from reply.

Singular
ply

Plural
plies

ply (plural plies)

  1. (artificial intelligence, game theory) In two-player sequential games, one turn taken by one of the players.
    He proposed to build 'Deep Purple' a super-computer capable of 24-ply look-ahead for chess.

Back-formation from plywood.

  1. (colloquial) plywood


Part or all of this page has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.

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