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definition of the word gan

by the Wiktionnary

From Old English gān (to go).

to gan

Third person singular

Simple past

Past participle

Present participle

to gan (third-person singular simple present gans, present participle gannin, simple past gone, past participle went)

  1. (Northumbrian and archaic) To go.

From Old Irish cen (besides; without) < Proto-Celtic *kina (besides); cf. Welsh am-gen (otherwise), Breton ken (otherwise).


  1. without
  2. not (in conjunction with a verbal noun)

Triggers lenition of b, c, g, m, p on unmodified nouns, e.g. gan phingin "without a penny". Does not trigger lenition on modified nouns, e.g. gan pingin ina phóca "with a penny in his pocket". In the meaning "not", does not trigger lenition on either a verbal noun or on the direct object of the verbal noun, e.g. gan ceannach "not to buy", gan pingin a shaothrú "not to earn a penny".

Unlike most Irish prepositions, gan is followed by the nominative case of nouns, not the dative, and it does not form prepositional pronouns: gan an t-arán "without the bread", gan "without me".

gan (hiragana がん)

  1. ガン: gun
  2. : cancer
  3. : wish
  4. : duck
  5. : alcove

gan (Revised Romanization of , , , )

  1. : (attributive form of 가다 "to go")
  2. : gap, interval, space
  3. : liver
  4. : rape, adultery

gan (present stem -gê-)

  1. to have sex with somebody, to fuck somebody


  1. having sex, fucking


  1. A transliteration of any of a number of Chinese characters properly represented as having one of four tones, gān, gán, gǎn, or gàn.

English transcriptions of Chinese speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Chinese language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

From Proto-Germanic *gǣ-, gai-. The verb was defective in Germanic and may only have existed in the present tense. Cognate with Old Saxon -gan (Dutch gaan), Old High German gan (German gehen), Old Norse (Swedish ).


  1. to go

present singular plural
1st person gāþ
2nd person gǣst
3rd person gǣþ
subjunctive gān
preterite singular plural
1st person ēode ēodon
2nd person ēodest
3rd person ēode
subjunctive ēode ēoden
imperative singular plural
participle present past
gangende (ġe)gān, (ġe)gangen

From the Old English gān (to go).

tae gan (third-person singular simple present gans, present participle gan, simple past went or wett, past participle been)

tae gan

Third person singular

Simple past
went or wett

Past participle

Present participle

  1. Present participle of tae gan; to go


  1. Mutated form of can.

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
can gan nghan chan


  1. with

See Geiriadur.net for more information.

Retrieved from "http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/gan"
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