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definition of the word electricity

by the Wiktionnary

From New Latin ēlectricus "of amber", from Ancient Greek ἤλεκτρον (ēlektron) "amber", related to ἠλέκτωρ (ēlektor) "shining sun"


  1. A form of energy, caused by the behavior of electrons and protons, properly called "electrical energy".
  2. A fundamental attractive property of matter, appearing in negative and positive kinds.
    • 1646, Sir Thomas Browne, Pseudodoxia Epidemica, 1st edition, p. 51 (First known English usage)
      Again, The concretion of Ice will not endure a dry attrition without liquation; for if it be rubbed long with a cloth, it melteth. But Crystal will calefie unto electricity; that is, a power to attract strawes and light bodies, and convert the needle freely placed.
  3. The flow of charge carriers within a conductor, properly called "electric current".
  4. The charge carriers within a conductor, properly called "electric charge".
    • 1873, James Clerk Maxwell, A Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism
      We may express all these results in a concise and consistent manner by describing an electrified body as charged with a certain quantity of electricity, which we may denote by e.
  5. A class of physical phenomena, related to flows and interactions of electric charge
  6. A field of physical science and technology, concerned with the phenomena of electric charge

alternating current (AC)
current – n.
energy – n.
power – n.

Definition from Wiktionary
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