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definition of the word aperture

by the Wiktionnary

Wikipedia has articles on:
Aperture (disambiguation) and Aperture

Wikipedia Wikipedia

Latin apertura, from aperire. See aperient.

Singular
aperture

Plural
apertures

aperture (plural apertures)

  1. An opening; an open space; a gap, cleft, or chasm; a passage perforated; a hole; as, an aperture in a wall.
    An aperture between the mountains. --Gilpin.
    The back aperture of the nostrils. --Owen.
  2. (optics) Something which restricts the diameter of the light path through one plane in an optical system.
  3. (astronomy, photography) The diameter of the aperture (in the sense above) which restricts the width of the light path through the whole system. For a telescope, this is the diameter of the objective lens. e.g. a telescope may have a 100 cm aperture.

The aperture of microscopes is often expressed in degrees, called also the angular aperture, which signifies the angular breadth of the pencil of light which the instrument transmits from the object or point viewed; as, a microscope of 100° aperture.


Definition from Wiktionary
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