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definition of the word abdicate

by the Wiktionnary

From Latin abdicatus, past participle of abdicare, formed from ab- + dicare (to proclaim), akin to dicere (to say).

Infinitive
to abdicate

Third person singular
abdicates

Simple past
abdicated

Past participle
abdicated

Present participle
abdicating

to abdicate (third-person singular simple present abdicates, present participle abdicating, simple past and past participle abdicated)

  1. (transitive) To surrender, renounce or relinquish, as sovereign power; to withdraw definitely from filling or exercising, as a high office, station, dignity; as, to abdicate the throne, the crown, the papacy.
    Note: The word abdicate was held to mean, in the case of James II, to abandon without a formal surrender.
    • The cross-bearers abdicated their service. - Gibbon
    • He abdicates all right to be his own governor. - Edmund Burke
    • The understanding abdicates its functions. - Froude
  2. (transitive) (obsolete) To reject; to cast off. - Bp. Hall
  3. (transitive) (law) To disclaim and expel from the family, as a father his child; to disown; to disinherit.
  4. (intransitive) To relinquish or renounce a throne, or other high office or dignity; to renounce sovereignty.
    • Though a king may abdicate for his own person, he cannot abdicate for the monarchy. Edmund Burke


Definition from Wiktionary
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