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Ingrain vs Engrain[edit]

What is the connection/distinction between "ingrain" and "engrain"? --Slashme 09:31, 18 April 2006 (UTC)

According to the OED, engrain refers to the dyeing process while ingrain refers to the entrenchment of ideology (as well as the dyeing process). --EncycloPetey 09:36, 18 April 2006 (UTC)

Ingrain as adjective[edit]

I found this form in Uncle Tom's Cabin. Is it an adjective here, or a past participle? And if yes, what is its meaning? I would say it is the same as for ingrained but I would like to be sure:

  • My father was a born aristocrat. I think, in some preexistent state, he must have been in the higher circles of spirits, and brought all his old court pride along with him; for it was ingrain, bred in the bone, though he was originally of poor and not in any way of noble family. My brother was begotten in his image.