Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/hnakkô

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *knog-, *kneg- (back of the head, nape, neck), from *ken- (to press, pinch, buckle, kink).

Kroonen reconstructs an etymon Proto-Indo-European *knekō, which he connects with Tocharian A kñuk (neck).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

*hnakkô m

  1. (anatomy) the back of the neck; nape

Inflection[edit]

According to Kroonen, this noun had root vowel ablaut, resulting in a nominative singular in *hnekkô, a genitive singular in *hnukkaz, and an accusative plural in *hnakkunz.[2]

masculine an-stemDeclension of *hnakkô (masculine an-stem)
singular plural
nominative *hnakkô *hnakkaniz
vocative *hnakkô *hnakkaniz
accusative *hnakkanų *hnakkanunz
genitive *hnakkiniz *hnakkanǫ̂
dative *hnakkini *hnakkammaz
instrumental *hnakkinē *hnakkammiz

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “hnekkan- ~ hnakka(n)-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 234
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2011) The Proto-Germanic n-stems: A study in diachronic morphophonology, Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, pages 167-169