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definition of the word -i

by the Wiktionnary

The English suffix -i is one of several suffixes used to create demonyms. For example it is used for several countries such as Iraq → Iraqi, Israel → Israeli (in the Modern State of Israel), Pakistan → Pakistani, Bengal → Bengali, Nepal → Nepali, Desh → Desi, Hyderabad → Hyderabadi). It is used mostly for Middle Eastern and South Asian locales and in Latinate names for the various people that ancient Romans encountered (e.g. Allemanni, and Helvetii).


  1. Used to form adjectives and nouns describing people of a particular city, region, or country, and the language spoken by these people.

  1. Perhaps from Latin deponent verbs such as loqui "to speak".
  2. Common to English e (pronounced [i]) in me, she, he, we and the Italian accusative pronouns mi, ti, vi, li, si.


  1. (verbal inflection marking the infinitive)
  2. common vowel of personal pronouns: mi, ni, ci, vi, li, ŝi, ĝi, oni, ili, si.


  1. (sometimes used to create a diminutive form, as in Hans -> Hansi)


  1. Creates adjectives from proper nouns and nouns.
    Amerikaamerikai - America → American
    városvárosi élet - city → city life
  2. Diminutive suffix for nouns, mostly used by the younger generation or in informal conversations.
    fagylaltfagyi - ice cream
  3. Third-person singular possessive suffix denoting plural possession in front vowel words ending in a vowel. It is also used for the second-person singular and plural formal possessive forms.
    kapu - gate
    a kapui, az ő kapui - his/her/its gates
    a maga kapui, az ön kapui - your (singular, formal) gates
    a maguk kapui, az önök kapui - your (plural, formal) gates


  1. -s (Marks the plural form of nouns, by replacing the -o ending.)


  1. Used with a stem to form the second-person singular present of regular are, -ere verbs and those -ire verbs that don't take "isc"
  2. Used with a stem to form the second-person imperative of -ere verbs
  3. Used with a stem to form the first-, second- and third person singular present subjunctive of -are verbs
  4. Used with a stem to form the third-person singular imperative of -are verbs

  1. (nominative and vocative plural masculine ending for second declension nouns)
  2. (genitive singular ending for second declension nouns)
  3. (vocative singular masculine ending for second declension nouns ending in -ius)
  4. (dative singular ending for third declension nouns)
  5. (ablative singular ending for third declension i-stem nouns, such as rete, animal and sometimes navis)
  6. (perfect active indicative first-person singular ending for verbs)
  7. (present passive infinitive ending for third conjugation verbs)


  1. (definite article) the

Used for:

(with back vowel harmony)

  1. -i (with front vowel harmony)

Other forms: -u, -ü (if last vocal is o,ö,u or ü), -yı, -yi, -yu, -yü (after a vocal), -nı, -ni, -nu, -nü (after possessive)

Examples: ev-i, araba-yı, yol-u, babası-nı

-i (-и)

  1. Third person singular possessive suffix. Used after a noun ending in a consonant. It has the same meaning as uning (its) placed before a noun.
    • Bu kitobi.
      "This is its book."
Retrieved from "http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/-i"
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