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definition of the word -ai

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-ai

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-ai

  1. A suffix denoting the first-person singular imperfect indicative form of a verb

-ai

  1. his, her, its ...-s (third-person singular possessive suffix denoting plural possession)
    ház (house)a házai (his/her/its houses)
  2. your ... -s (second-person singular and plural formal possessive suffix denoting plural possession)
    a maga házai, az ön házai - your (singular, formal) houses
    a maguk házai, az önök házai - your (plural, formal) houses

  • (possessive suffix): Member of the following suffix cluster.
    -i is added to words ending in a vowel except -i. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -ai is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ei is added to some front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -jai is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant or the vowel -i.
    -jei is added to some front vowel words ending in a consonant or the vowel -i.


From Latin -āvī (via -āī).[1] Example: Italian lodai < Latin laudavi.

-ai

  1. Used with a stem to form the first person singular past historic of -are verbs

  • Notes:
  1. ^ Patota, Giuseppe (2002). Lineamenti di grammatica storica dell'italiano (in Italian), p. 145, Bologna: il Mulino. ISBN 88-15-08638-2.

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